Different physical appearances and symptoms can occur due to tongue sores. Additionally, they can be caused by a selection of underlying medical conditions. This site covers some of the possibilities that might be considered. However, please do keep in mind that this information is not be used as qualified medical assistance, nor as a substitute for it. Talk with a professional in the field for qualified advice related to tongue sores or similar medical issues.
The most common issue amongst the causes of tongue sores are aphthous ulcers. These are also known as canker sores, and the disease itself is additionally known by names like aphthous stomatitis and Sutton's disease. The exact cause of the condition is not known. Canker sores can appear in other areas on the inside of the mouth, even including the upper section of the throat.
Recurrent aphthous stomatitis is the name for the condition in cases where it recurs. Due to its recurrence, it can be differentiated from diseases which have sores of similar appearance, like herpes simplex. It is thought that at least 10 percent of the general population has RAS. Various treatment methods can be used, including separating the ulcer from potential items in the mouth that could irritate it, avoiding spicy foods, and using certain pain-killers, medications, etc.
A fungal overgrowth of Candida albicans, oral thrush can cause painful lesions in the mouth, including on the tongue. Areas of infection are covered by creamy white collections. If scraped away, the mucosa beneath may be red and perhaps raised a bit. There is a selection of groups in which people are considered to be at greater risk for developing such a yeast infection. Treatment may vary depending upon the cause, but often anti-fungal medications are prescribed.
Vitamin and mineral deficiencies
A deficiency of particular vitamins or minerals can also lead to tongue sores. For instance, if an individual lacks sufficient amounts of vitamin B12, this can occur. Sores may also be present at the corners of the person's mouth, and other tongue symptoms such as itching and tingling can take place. Numerous other symptoms might be noticed when a patient is not receiving sufficient levels of vitamin B12. An iron deficiency is another condition which can fit into this classification.